Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack
1893 – 1965

Bauhaus students Ludwig Hirschfeld-Mack constructed hand-manipulated color organs–played by up to four people at once–to project layered, full-color moving geometric forms onto a transparent screen. These multiplayer color devices used a series of movable stencils and six to eight projectors with variable light intensity to create live performances that represent some of the first intermedia experiments. The pieces were scored like music, rehearsed in the mode of theater (and were called “plays”), and experienced as a kind of abstract cinema. …

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Farbenlichtspiel, c. 1921