Richard Monkhouse
b. 1950

Electronics engineer Richard Monkhouse had intermedia plans when he created Electronic Music Studios, including building his own image-processing device. Monkhouse was inspired by the Whitneys. After attending a lecture by John Whitney Sr., Monkhouse started constructing videos out of 16mm loops of computer graphics displays, feedback, and oscilloscope patterns. He then added video synthesis to his multimedia quiver, producing videos such as Shine On You Crazy Diamond (1977) and Transform (1978). His “spectre,” later titled the Spectron, was capable of …

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Spectron video synthesizer